To maintain his lifestyle he apparently became a highwayman but soon found himself in trouble with the law.
This article was published in Australian Dictionary of BiographyVolume 2, MUPWilliam Charles Wentworth, c State Library of New South Wales, GPO 1 - William Charles Wentworthexplorer, author, barrister, landowner, and statesman, was the son of Catherine Crowley, who was convicted at the Staffordshire Assizes in July of feloniously stealing 'wearing apparell', was sentenced to transportation for seven years, reached Sydney in the transport Neptune in Juneand in the Surprize arrived at Norfolk Island with the infant William on 7 August.
He accompanied his parents to Sydney in and then to Parramatta, where his mother died in In he was sent with his brother D'Arcy to England. Writing home from their first school at Bletchley inhe told of a visit to his father's patron and kinsman: In the holidays they stayed with their father's agent, Charles Cookney.
In Mrs Cookney wrote of William to Dr Wentworth that 'a Surgeon is a very improper profession for Him as from the Cast in the Eye it leads Him differently to the object he intends'. They went on to the Greenwich school of Dr Alexander Crombie, a liberal scholar whose published works ranged over philology, politics, economics, agriculture, science, and theology.
Failing to win a place in the military academy at Woolwich or in the East India Co. He was soon riding Gig, his father's grey gelding, to victory in the Hyde Park races.
In October Lachlan Macquarie appointed him acting provost-marshal. He was granted acres ha on the Nepean, where his estate, Vermont, is still a Wentworth property.
He rapidly became a familiar figure around Sydney, with his tall frame, thick shoulders, Roman head, and auburn hair, his rugged and untidy person.
He tended to speak in magniloquent abstractions, his harsh voice resounding with rhetoric and sarcasms and classical allusions; yet he showed a keen eye for detail.
He seemed already something of a Gulliver in Lilliput. He knew that his father was slighted by the exclusives, that 'aristocratic body' who, he later wrote, 'would monopolize all situations of power, dignity, and emolument … and raise an eternal barrier of separation between their offspring and the offspring of the unfortunate convict': Yet he was no leveller, no democrat.
Men must be free, but free to rise—and his own family especially. Like his father he was a monopolist at heart.
His adventurous spirit, drought, and the desire to discover new pastures led him in Mayin company with William LawsonGregory Blaxlandfour servants, four horses, and five dogs, to take part in the first great feat of inland exploration, the crossing of the Blue Mountains.
At the end of their twenty-one-day passage, as he later wrote, The boundless champaign burst upon our sight Till nearer seen the beauteous landscape grew, Op'ning like Canaan on rapt Israel's view. Uncertain that they had really crossed the mountains, he wrote in his journal: The discovery gave impetus to great pastoral expansion in which Wentworth amply shared.
He was rewarded with another acres ha. On the mountain journey, according to his father, he had developed a severe cough; to recover his health and to help his father secure valuable sandalwood from a Pacific island he joined a schooner as supercargo in He was nearly killed by natives at Rarotonga while courageously attempting to save a sailor whom they clubbed to death.
The captain died, and Wentworth, with knowledge gained on his earlier voyage from England and no mean mathematical skill, brought the ship safely to Sydney.
The Sydney Gazette was then subject to official censorship. The furore resulting from it lasted for more than a year, till Dr Wentworth revealed that William, on his way to England, had written from Cape Town admitting authorship.
Other 'pipes' are in his hand. Their political importance was greater than their literary merit, though it is not fanciful to see Wentworth as a key figure in early Australian literature. The alliance between literature and politics was close, each needing freedom in which to breathe.
He helped to keep satire alive in the time of Macquarie and was later to lead it from darkness into light. In Wentworth arrived in London and enlisted Fitzwilliam's aid in persuading his father that the army was no longer a feasible career for him now that the Napoleonic wars were over.
In February he entered the Middle Temple to prepare himself to be 'the instrument of procuring a free constitution for my country'.
He wrote to Fitzwilliam of 'the more remote objects' of his ambition: This remained the master-plan, but for a time he was characteristically restless. He unsuccessfully petitioned the Colonial Office to allow him to explore Australia from east to west.
He spent more than a year in Europe, chiefly in Paris, to the benefit of his French but the annoyance of Fitzwilliam.
His health improved but he was very short of funds. He saw much of the Macarthurs. Young John Macarthur had suggested that he write it, and it owed much to conversations with old Johnwho with little sympathy with Wentworth's constitutional ideas later denounced the book, but whose faith in Australian wool was infectious.
Wentworth hoped ardently to marry Elizabeth Macarthur. He envisaged a great Wentworth-Macarthur connexion at the head of the pastoral aristocracy dominating the New South Wales of his dreams, and he seemed about to achieve 'a union' which he described to his father as 'so essential to the happiness of your son and to the accomplishment of those projects for the future respectability and grandeur of our family, with the realisation of which I have no doubt you consider me in a great measure identified'.List of Australian poets The poets listed below were either citizens or residents of Australia or published the bulk of their poetry whilst living there.
Contents. William Charles Wentworth's biography and life lausannecongress2018.comer and barrister, born on Norfolk Island on 26th October, and educated in England. In Wentworth, accompanied by Lawson and Blaxland, made the. Biography William Charles Wentworth (13 August – 20 March ) was an Australian explorer, journalist, politician and author, and one of the leading figures of early colonial New South Wales.
He was the first native-born Australian to achieve a reputation overseas, and a leading advocate for self-government for the Australian colonies. Biography of William Charles Wentworth Explorer and barrister, born on Norfolk Island on 26th October, and educated in England.
In Wentworth, accompanied by Lawson and Blaxland, made the first recorded crossing of that part of the Great Dividing Range known as the Blue Mountains. William Charles Wentworth (13 August – 20 March ) was an Australian poet, explorer, journalist and politician, and one of the leading figures of early colonial New South Wales.
He was the first native-born Australian to achieve a reputation overseas, and a leading advocate for self-government for the Australian colonies. William Charles Wentworth (13?
August – 20 March ) was an Australian poet, explorer, journalist and politician, and one of the leading figures of early colonial New South Wales. He was the first native-born Australian to achieve a reputation overseas, and a leading advocate for.