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Order Socialization essay Socialization refers to the ways in which people learn to conform to their society?? Primary socialization consists of the ways in which the newborn individual is molded into a person who can interact with others according to the expectations of society.
Secondary socialization occurs in childhood and adolescence, primarily through schooling, and adult socialization refers to the ways in which a person learns the norms associated with new statuses.
Among the most basic questions in the study of socialization is that of nature versus nurture to what extent does the development of the person depend on genetic factors, and to what extent does it depend on learning? In my opinion, I think the personality comes from nurture, because it is easy to find criminals in family with problem.
The first social scientist to develop a theory that addressed this issue was Sigmund Freud. Freud believed that the personality develops out of the processes of socialization through which the infant is gradually forced to control its biological urges.
He divided the personality into three functional areas: In the growth of the personality, the formation of the ego or social self is critical.
According to Freud, this takes place in a series of stages in which conflict between the demands Sociology past papers on family the superego and those of the id is always threatening to disrupt the functioning of the ego.
Behaviorism asserts that all behavior is learned. It originated in the work of Ivan Pavlov, who showed that behavior that was thought to be instinctual could in fact be shaped or conditioned by learning situations. This line of research was continued by John B. Watson, whose experiments revealed the ability of conditioning to shape behavior in almost any direction.
Studies of feral children, who have experienced extreme isolation or have been reared outside human society, show that such children are able to learn but that they do so far more slowly than children who have not been isolated in early childhood. Other studies have found that normal development requires not only the presence of other humans but also the attention and love of adults.
Children raised in orphanages and other nonfamily settings are more likely to develop emotional problems and to be retarded in their language development than comparable children reared by their parents.
In my opinion, nurture decides a social being. So it is important that support children to have good environment and give a love to them. Interactionist models of socialization stress the development of the social self through interaction with others.
One of the earliest interactionist theories was Charles Horton Cooley?? This concept was carried further by George Herbert Mead, who emphasized the important of culture in the formation of the self.
Mead believed that when children play, they practice role taking, or trying to look at social situations from the standpoint of another person. This ability developed through three stages. During the preparatory stage, children mimic the behavior of the significant others in their social environment.
During the play stage, they play at being others who are significant in their lives. During the game stage, they develop the ability to take the role of the generalized other-that is, to shape their participation according to the roles of other participants. In playing the roles for which they have been socialized, people adhere to rules of interaction known as face work.
They seek to present a positive image of themselves, their face, and to avoid being embarrassed or losing face. Lawrence Kohlberg proposed a three-stage sequence of moral development in which the child??
Other sociologists, especially Carol Gilligan, have challenged Kohlberg?? In class, we watched the video about children playing game. They learned the rule through the game and they use it in social life and develop their selves.
Studies of the environments in which socialization occurs have found that normal development requires the involvement of one or more adults in the care of the child, as well as public policies that promote such involvement.Jan 23, · eAQA has all the past papers/markschemes/exam reports for the new spec, plus the legacy papers - but bear in mind that the pre papers wont be so relevant.
Ravena, Nov 3, #3.
My family does not have a Ukrainian Christmas or Thanksgiving, because Uncle Mike married into a woman of Italian descent, and my family has assimilated to American customs. My high school graduation from Troy High School in June was a special family .
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